TAI CHI TERMS

Peng Jin

Song Gong

An: Push. A technique for pushing or striking an opponent.4

Baihui: An acupuncture cavity on top of the head.2

Bubling Well: The center of the foot where the root lies.3

Chai: Pluck. A technique for unbalancing the opponent or pulling him into an exposed position.4

Chi: An intrinsic energy which circulates in all living things.

Chi Kung: A type of Kung Fu training which specializes in building up the Chi circulation in the body for health and/or martial purposes.4

Dantien: The storage depot of qi that is located about two inches beneath the navel.1

Fa Chin: To release the internal force (chin).3

Gou: Hook hand.2

Ha: Sound emitted during practice.2

Heng: Sound emitted during practice.2

Huantiao: An acupuncture cavity located on the buttocks.2

Huiyin: An acupuncture cavity located on the perineum.2

I: Mind.3

Jin: Martial arts power.2

Jing: Power; flow of energy.4

Kau: Shoulder-Stroke. A technique of using the shoulder to strike or throw the opponent.4

Laogong: An acupuncture cavity located on the palm.2

Li: Muscular Power, strength.4

Lu: Rollback. A technique for leading an opponent's attack past you.4

Mingmen: An acupuncture cavity located on the back, near the 14th vertebra.2

Peng: Ward—off. A technique for bouncing the opponent's force back in the direction it came from.4

Qi: The internal energy that circulates around specific pathways in the body, identified in Chinese medicine as meridians.1

Qinna (Chin Na): Seize and control techniques.2

Quan: Fist.2

Shen: Spirit. The consciousness within which the mind and thought function.4

Sung: (pronounced soong) means to completely relax mentally and physically; releasing any tension in the mind and body.

Taiji (Tai Chi): Grand Ultimate.2

Tai Chi Chuan: Grand Ultimate Fist. (pronounced Tie Jee Chuan).4

Yi: Mind (focused attention).

Yin and Yang: The traditional Chinese philosophical concepts of opposites that conceptually define and seek balance in all endeavors.1

Yongquan: An acupuncture cavity on the bottom of the foot.2

Chan Szu Jing: (Silk Reeling): The movement and path of internal energy, expressed in a coiling nature of the body.1

Wushu: Chinese martial arts.2

Wuji: The beginning of the Dao (Tao). or the cosmo; the undifferentiated beginning.2

Wu Chi: Literally no extremity. This is the state of undifferentiated emptiness before begining. As soon as there is a beginning or movement, there is differentiation and opposites, and this is called Tai Chi.4

Zou: Elbow strike. The technique for striking with the elbow.4


  1. Taijiquan, Chen Taiji 38 form and applications. Ren Guang Yi.
  2. Tai Chi Chuan 24 & 48 Postures With Martial Applications, Master Liang, Shou-Yu and Wu, Wen-Ching.
  3. Cheng Tzu's Thirteen Treatises on T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Cheng Man Ching.
  4. Advanced Yang Style Tai Chi Chuan, Volume 1, Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming.

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